Introduction

The lands of Bârgău have a secular history and enjoyed over the centuries a thriving material, cultural and spiritual life. Josenii Bârgăului commune is an integral part of Bistriţa-Năsăud County, being composed of the following localities: Josenii Bârgăului, Mijlocenii Bârgăului village, Rusu Bârgăului village, Strâmba village
Although the information about the distant past of this valley are few and fragmented, the archaeological vestiges attest that Bârgăului Valley was inhabited since the end of the Neolithic Age or since the early Bronze Age and the eras immediately following.


On the origin of the word Bârgău were issued, from etymological point of view, several hypotheses. Of these we mention the one of the prof. Nicolae Drăgan, who considers that this word is of Slavic origin, meaning pothole or dead end. In fact, Bârgăului Valley is exactly such a dead end of which you can get out only through a passage. Also of Slavic origin are the designations given to Miroslava Mountain and to Bistriţa River, alongside many words that accompany the pastoral life.


At the same time there is the opinion that the name "Bârgău" comes from the Saxons from Bistriţa, from the German noun "berg", which means "mountain", or from its derivatives.


Although the information about the distant past of this valley are few and fragmented, the archaeological vestiges attest that Bârgăului Valley was inhabited since the end of the Neolithic Age or since the early Bronze Age and the eras immediately following. After the conquest of Dacia by the Romans and its colonization, the Roman domination spread up to the western border of Bârgăului Valley. Iulian Martian in his work "Ţara Năsăudului înainte de militarizare" (The Land of Nasaud before the militarization) , reminds of a Roman road that would have crossed Bârgăului Valley and the passage from these mountains, to the north up to Măgura peak, where even today exists this road built of cobblestone, road currently covered by meadows. After the withdrawal of the Roman domination this region has been crossed by various migrating peoples of Slavic and Tatar origin from which remained designations which entered in the local toponymy.

About region

Josenii Bârgăului

Josenii Bârgăului

Josenii Bârgăului commune is located in the central-eastern part of Bistriţa Năsăud County, approximately 17 km upstream of Bistrita municipality, on the right bank of the Bistriţa Ardeleana. The commune is located in the Depression of Bis

Prundu Bârgăului

Prundu Bârgăului

The lands of Bârgău have a secular history and enjoyed over the centuries a thriving material, cultural and spiritual life. Prundu Bârgăului commune occupies the central part of Bârgăului Valley, valley that separates Bârg

Tiha Bîrgăului

Tiha Bîrgăului

Tiha Bârgăului commune is one of the largest communes in Bistriţa Năsăud County, being located in the eastern part, 25 km away from Bistriţa municipality. The access to the area is made on DN 17, 50 km away from Năsăud and 40 km away fro